Not welcome anymore: the effect of electoral incentives on the reception of refugees

Matteo Gamalerio, Margherita Negri*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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    Abstract

    Do electoral incentives affect immigration policies? Exploiting the Italian system for refugees’ reception and data from Italian municipalities, we show that proximity to elections reduces the probability that a municipality applies to host a refugee center by 26%, despite the economic benefits arising from these centers. Low electoral competition and high shares of extreme-right voters drive the effect. Our results are rationalized by a theoretical model and can explain the unequal distribution of refugees across and within countries.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberlbad002
    Pages (from-to)901-920
    Number of pages20
    JournalJournal of Economic Geography
    Volume23
    Issue number4
    Early online date20 Feb 2023
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2023

    Keywords

    • Migration
    • Reception of refugees
    • Electoral incentives
    • Fiscal grants

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