Nonclassical correlations in continuous-variable non-Gaussian Werner states

Richard Tatham, Ladislav Mista, Gerardo Adesso, Natalia Korolkova

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27 Citations (Scopus)


We study nonclassical correlations beyond entanglement in a family of two-mode non-Gaussian states which represent the continuous-variable counterpart of two-qubit Werner states. We evaluate quantum discord and other quantumness measures obtaining exact analytical results in special instances, and upper and lower bounds in the general case. Non-Gaussian measurements such as photon counting are in general necessary to solve the optimization in the definition of quantum discord, whereas Gaussian measurements are strictly suboptimal for the considered states. The gap between Gaussian and optimal non-Gaussian conditional entropy is found to be proportional to a measure of non-Gaussianity in the regime of low squeezing, for a subclass of continuous-variable Werner states. We further study an example of a non-Gaussian state which is positive under partial transposition, and whose nonclassical correlations stay finite and small even for infinite squeezing. Our results pave the way to a systematic exploration of the interplay between nonclassicality and non-Gaussianity in continuous-variable systems, in order to gain a deeper understanding of-and to draw a bigger advantage from-these two important resources for quantum technology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number022326
Pages (from-to)-
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Review. A, Atomic, molecular, and optical physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2012


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