Non-tuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease (NTM-PD): epidemiology, diagnosis and multidisciplinary management

Kartik Kumar, Aravind Ponnuswamy, Toby GD Capstick, Christabelle Chen, Douglas McCabe, Rhys Hurst, Lisa Morrison, Fiona Moore, Matt Gallardo, Jennie Keane, Shirley Harwood, Tanya Sinnett, Sarah Bryant, Ronan Breen, Onn Min Kon, Marc Lipman, Michael R Loebinger, Devesh J Dhasmana*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are ubiquitous environmental organisms that can cause significant disease in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent individuals. The incidence of NTM pulmonary disease (NTM-PD) is rising globally. Diagnostic challenges persist and treatment efficacy is variable. This article provides an overview of NTM-PD for clinicians. We discuss how common it is, who is at risk, how it is diagnosed and the multidisciplinary approach to its clinical management.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100017
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Jan 2024


  • Humans
  • Nontuberculous Mycobacteria
  • Non-tuberculous mycobacteria
  • Pulmonary disease
  • Multidisciplinary management
  • Diagnosis
  • Epidemiology
  • Immunocompromised Host


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