The collision of solitons in optical fibers is a promising scheme for the quantum-nondemolition measurement of the photon number using the cross Kerr effect. In a realistic experimental situation, the sensitivity of the measurement is limited not only by self-phase-modulation noise of the probe but also by the phase noise added due to the vibrational excitations of the fiber. Former schemes proposed to overcome either of these problems are not compatible with each other. In this paper the sensitivity of different type of detection is carefully studied. We propose a solution based on the use of a phase-shifting cavity. We show that this provides a conceptually and practically simple solution eliminating simultaneously both sources of excess noise. [S1050-2947(98)04406-0].
|Number of pages
|Physical Review. A, Atomic, molecular, and optical physics
|Published - Aug 1998
- WAVE BRILLOUIN-SCATTERING
- PHOTON NUMBER