New masses for the O-type binary DH Cephei, and the temperatures of O-stars

Ronald William Hilditch, TJ Harries, SA Bell

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33 Citations (Scopus)


Spectroscopic observations, secured in 1973 and 1991, are analysed together with data from Sturm & Simon (1993) and Penny et al. (1996) to yield a new determination of the masses of the O+O-type binary system DH Cep. The masses are 32.7 +/- 1.7 M. for the O5.5V primary and 29.6 +/- 1.6 M. for the O6.5V secondary. Analysis of the light curves from Lines et al. (1986), coupled with temperature and flux ratios from Sturm & Simon, results in revised absolute parameters with final masses increased by 10% relative to those determined by Sturm & Simon. These revised parameters are in excellent accord with the evolutionary models of Schaller et al. (1992), at an age of 1.5 Myr.

In the context of those evolutionary models, and the work of Schonberner & Harmanec (1995) on lower-mass binaries, we discuss the properties of 6 O to B0 detached binaries including DH Cep. The masses and radii for the components of these systems are all in remarkable agreement with the Schaller et al. models of solar composition. The O star temperatures need to be reduced by an average similar to 1000 K to achieve agreement in T-eff with the models, but this averaged value may hide the need for substantial reductions (similar to 2500 K) around O8. We note also some discrepancies between derived visual absolute magnitudes, and the M(upsilon)-spectral type relationship for O stars compiled by Schmidt-Kaler (1982).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-172
Number of pages8
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1996


  • stars, individual, DH Cep
  • stars, early-type
  • stars, fundamental parameters
  • stars, binaries, spectroscopic
  • stars, evolution
  • UVBY


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