Neurophysiology of shape processing

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149 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent physiological findings are reviewed and synthesized into a model of shape processing and object recognition. Gestalt laws (e.g. good continuation, closure) and 'non-accidental' image properties (e.g. colinear terminating lines) are resolved in prestriate visual cortex (areas V2 and V3) to support the extraction of 2D shape boundaries. Processing of shape continues along a ventral route through inferior temporal (IT) cortex where a vast catalogue of 2D shape primitives is established. Each catalogue entry is size-specific (+/- 0.5 log scale unit) and orientation-specific (+/- 45), but can generalize over position (+/- 150 degree2). Several shape components are used to activate representations of the approximate appearance of one object type at one view, orientation and size. Subsequent generalization, first over orientation and size, then over view, and finally over object sub-component, is achieved in the anterior temporal cortex by combining descriptions of the same object from different orientations and views, through associative learning. This scheme provides a route to 3D object recognition through 2D shape description and reduces the problem of perceptual invariance to a series of independent analyses with an associative link established between the outputs. The system relies on parallel processing with computations performed in a series of hierarchical steps with relatively simple operations at each stage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-333
Number of pages17
JournalImage and Vison Computing
Volume11
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1993

Keywords

  • SINGLE-UNIT
  • OBJECT RECOGNITION
  • PATTERN PROCESSING
  • COMPUTATIONAL MODELING
  • SUPERIOR TEMPORAL SULCUS
  • FACE-SELECTIVE RESPONSES
  • MONKEY VISUAL-CORTEX
  • SHORT-TERM-MEMORY
  • INFEROTEMPORAL CORTEX
  • CONTOUR PERCEPTION
  • NEURONAL CORRELATE
  • MACAQUE MONKEY
  • ORGANIZATION

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