Neuromodulation of vertebrate locomotor control networks

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)


Vertebrate locomotion must be adaptable in light of changing environmental, organismal, and developmental demands. Much of the underlying flexibility in the output of central pattern generating (CPG) networks of the spinal cord and brain stem is endowed by neuromodulation. This review provides a synthesis of current knowledge on the way that various neuromodulators modify the properties of and connections between CPG neurons to sculpt CPG network output during locomotion.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-411
Number of pages19
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2011


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