Negative thermal expansion in the siliceous zeolites chabazite and ITQ-4: a powder neutron diffraction study

DA Woodcock, Philip Lightfoot, LA Villaescusa, MJ Diaz-Cabanas, MA Camblor, D Engberg

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109 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the results of quantitative variable-temperature neutron powder diffraction experiments performed on the OSIRIS instrument at the ISIS facility on the pure silica zeolites chabazite and ITQ-4. Chabazite has been found to be one of the most strongly contracting materials known, with a linear expansion coefficient alpha(v)/3 varying from -0.5 x 10(-6) to -16.7 x 10(-6) K-1 over the temperature range 293-873 K. Full Rietveld refinement has been carried out using three different refinement strategies: free isotropic refinements, refinement using geometrical restraints,and a rigid body refinement. The free isotropic refinement was found to be the most successful. In agreement with previous studies on ZrW3O8 and Sc-2(WO4)(3) type materials, we suggest that changes in Si-O-Si interpolyhedral bond angles are the driving force for the contraction mechanism. ITQ-4 has also been found to contract over the temperature range 95-510 K, with alpha(v)/3 varying from -2.2 x 10(-6) to -3.7 x 10(-6) K-1 over this range.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2508
Number of pages2508
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume11
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1999

Keywords

  • ZRW2O8

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