Near-infrared exciton-polaritons in strongly coupled single-walled carbon nanotube microcavities

Arko Graf, Laura Christine Tropf, Yuriy Zakharko, Jana Zaumseil, Malte Christian Gather

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Abstract

Exciton-polaritons form upon strong coupling between electronic excitations of a material and photonic states of a surrounding microcavity. In organic semiconductors the special nature of excited states leads to particularly strong coupling and facilitates condensation of exciton-polaritons at room temperature, which may lead to electrically pumped organic polariton lasers. However, charge carrier mobility and photo-stability in currently used materials is limited and exciton-polariton emission so far has been restricted to visible wavelengths. Here, we demonstrate strong light-matter coupling in the near infrared using single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) in a polymer matrix in a planar metal-clad cavity. By exploiting the exceptional oscillator strength and sharp excitonic transition of (6,5) SWCNTs, we achieve large Rabi splitting (> 110 meV), efficient polariton relaxation and narrow band emission (< 15 meV). Given their high charge carrier mobility and excellent photostability, SWCNTs represent a promising new avenue towards practical exciton-polariton devices operating at telecommunication wavelengths. 
Original languageEnglish
Article number13078
Number of pages7
JournalNature Communications
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 2016

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