Narody w koronie rzeczywistości społecznej widziane z perspektywy języka

Translated title of the contribution: Nations in the bubble of social reality: language and all that

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the last century and a half scholars from different disciplines began to distinguish between material reality (the universe), the biosphere, and social reality (the semiosphere), as three important heuristic categories. In the latter half of the 20th century, the philosophers John L. Austin and John Searle proposed that language and its use enable humans to generate social reality. They also analyzed the mechanisms of the process. From another perspective, the evolutionary anthropologist Robin Dunbar offered an explanation of how language was selected in the process of human evolution, and argued that its primary function is group-building, that is, the generation of social cohesion. Drawing on these insights, the article proposes that the dilemma of whether nations exist objectively or are subjective entities can be resolved by analyzing this problem in the light of Searle’s distinction between ontological objectivity / subjectivity and epistemic objectivity / subjectivity.
Translated title of the contributionNations in the bubble of social reality: language and all that
Original languagePolish
Pages (from-to)1-21
JournalSprawy Narodowościowe / Nationalities Affairs
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Concept of nation
  • Dunbar's number
  • Epistemic objectivity / subjectivity
  • Semiosphere
  • Intangibility of social facts
  • Objective / subjective existence of nation
  • Ontological objectivity / subjectivity
  • Social reality
  • Tacit knowledge


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