MZF-1 and DbpA interact with DNase I hypersensitive sites that correlate with expression of the human MUC1 mucin gene

Toshiyuki Shiraga, John P Winpenny, Emma J Carter, Victoria A McCarthy, Michael A Hollingsworth, Ann Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The MUC1 mucin is a large membrane-tethered glycoprotein that shows differential expression in many adenocarcinomas, where it contributes to their invasive and metastatic properties. We previously identified DNase I hypersensitive sites at -750 and -250 bp in the human MUC1 gene promoter and showed concordance between the -250 site and MUC1 mRNA levels in vivo. Transient expression assays using promoter constructs, in which the core DHS was deleted, to drive reporter gene expression revealed in vivo evidence for their activity. DNase I footprinting using nuclear extracts from HPAF human pancreatic carcinoma cells and MCF7 breast carcinoma cells identified three protein-binding elements in these regions (-250FP1, FP2 and -750FP). Electrophoretic mobility shift assays detected several complexes between HPAF nuclear proteins and labeled FP DNA probes. Southwestern blots and UV cross-linking experiments identified myeloid zinc finger-1 (MZF-1) as a candidate transcription factor among proteins binding to the -250FP1 and FP2 sequences. Another candidate that was identified by screening an HPAF cDNA expression library with the -250FP1 probe is DNA binding protein A (DbpA). Exogenous DbpA expression in COS-7 cells was accompanied by upregulation of MUC1 promoter activity via the -250 DHS, suggesting that DbpA binding to the -250 DHS can influence human MUC1 gene expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-52
Number of pages12
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2005


  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins
  • COS Cells
  • Caco-2 Cells
  • Carrier Proteins/metabolism
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism
  • Deoxyribonuclease I/metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism
  • Humans
  • Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mucin-1/biosynthesis
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Transcription Factors/metabolism


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