Molecular cloning and sequence-analysis of mutant alleles of the fission yeast cdc2 protein kinase gene: implications for cdc2 protein-structure and function

AM CARR, Stuart Andrew MacNeill, J HAYLES, P NURSE

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81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cdc2 + gene function plays a central role in the control of the mitotic cell cycle of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Recessive temperature-sensitive mutations in the cdc2 gene cause cell cycle arrest when shifted to the restrictive temperature, while a second class of mutations within the cdc2 gene causes a premature advancement into mitosis. Previously the cdc2 + gene has been cloned and has been shown to encode a 34 kDa phosphoprotein with in vitro protein kinase activity. Here we describe the cloning of 11 mutant alleles of the cdc2 gene using two simple methods, one of which is presented here for the first time. We have sequenced these alleles and find a variety of single amino acid substitutions mapping throughtout the cdc2 protein. Analysis of these mutations has identified a number of regions within the cdc2 protein that are important for cdc2 + activity and regulation. These include regions which may be involved in the interaction of the cdc2 + gene product with the proteins encoded by the wee1 +, cdc13 + and suc1 + genes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-49
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and General Genetics
Volume218
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1989

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