Molecular cloning and sequence analysis of cdc27+ required for the G2-M transition in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe

DA HUGHES, Stuart Andrew MacNeill, PA FANTES

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cell division cycle gene cdc27+ of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe is required for the transition from G2 into mitosis. Genetic and physiological experiments suggest a close relationship between cdc27+ and the cdc2+ gene, a key regulator of mitosis in yeast and also in higher eukaryotic cells. We isolated the cdc27+ gene by complementation of a temperature-sensitive cdc27 mutant. The DNA sequence of this gene predicts a 1116 nucleotide open reading frame split by five short introns, ranging in size from 49 to 74 nucleotides. Analysis of cDNA clones confirmed the structure of the gene. The deduced cdc27+ gene product consists of 372 amino acids with a predicted M(r) of 43 kDa. No homology of the predicted protein with known proteins could be found, thus the cdc27+ gene encodes a novel function required for the G2-M transition. Northern analysis revealed two mRNAs of 1.4 and 2.2 kb transcribed from this gene, the smaller transcript being approximately tenfold more abundant than the larger. The level of cdc27+ mRNAs remained constant through the cell cycle indicating that the time of action of the cdc27+ gene, which is known to be regulated by elements of the mitotic control, is not determined by periodic accumulation of its transcripts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-410
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular and General Genetics
Volume231
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1992

Keywords

  • CELL CYCLE
  • MITOSIS
  • FISSION YEAST
  • CDC27+
  • CELL-DIVISION CYCLE
  • P34CDC2 PROTEIN-KINASE
  • CONTROL GENE CDC2
  • SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE
  • DNA-REPLICATION
  • MITOTIC INDUCER
  • HUMAN HOMOLOG
  • COMPLEMENTATION
  • NUCLEAR

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