Modeling collective behaviour: insights and applications from crowd psychology

Anne Templeton*, Fergus Gilmour Neville

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Research from crowd psychology and pedestrian dynamics can inform one another to improve understandings and predictions of collective behaviour. In this chapter, we provide an overview of theoretical insights from crowd psychology on intragroup and intergroup behaviour and discuss possible avenues for implementing principles of the social identity approach into pedestrian models. Specifically, we debate the use of outdated assumptions of crowd behaviour, discuss how the core tenets of social identity theory and self-categorisation theory are central to understanding collective behaviour, showcase how perceptions and experiences of crowd members can be dynamic and influence their perceived safety and behaviour, and then point to recent trends in using crowd psychology to inform models of pedestrian movement and behaviour in emergencies. Finally, we examine barriers to incorporating social psychological theory into models, and look ahead to potential collaborative projects to improve crowd safety and experiences.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationCrowd dynamics, volume 2
    EditorsLivio Gibelli
    Place of PublicationCham
    PublisherSpringer
    Pages55-81
    Volume2
    ISBN (Electronic)9783030504502
    ISBN (Print)9783030504496
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2020

    Publication series

    NameModeling and simulation in science, engineering and technology
    ISSN (Print)2164-3679
    ISSN (Electronic)2164-3725

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