Model NSR catalysts: Fabrication and reactivity of barium oxide layers on Cu(1 1 1)

A. Tsami, F. Grillo, M. Bowker, R. M. Nix*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


The growth of barium oxide on a Cu(1 1 1) substrate, formed by the deposition of barium and its subsequent oxidation, yields stable BaO films which expose predominantly the BaO(1 0 0) surface. The interaction of the oxide films with common components of motor-vehicle exhaust gases (CO2, H2O, NOx) has been studied using surface analytical techniques, including X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), temperature programmed desorption (TPD) and reflection IR spectroscopy (RAIRS). The spectroscopic identification of Ba(OH)2, BaCO3 and Ba(NO2)2 phases is discussed, and the relative stabilities and decomposition mechanisms of these materials when supported on Cu(1 1 1) is revealed by a combination of TPD and XPS. BaO is shown to be resistant to reaction with pure NO and NO/O2 mixtures, but exposure to NO2 leads to the rapid formation of barium nitrite. The formation of the nitrite is proposed to be the first-step in the production of barium nitrate, which has previously been shown to be the main phase involved in NOx storage and reduction (NSR) catalysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3403-3418
Number of pages16
JournalSurface Science
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2006


  • Barium oxide
  • Catalysis
  • Copper
  • Growth
  • Low energy electron diffraction (LEED)
  • Nitrogen oxides
  • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy


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