MOA-2019-BLG-008Lb: a new microlensing detection of an object at the planet/brown dwarf boundary

E. Bachelet*, Y. Tsapras, Andrew Gould, R. A. Street, David P. Bennett, M. P. G. Hundertmark, V. Bozza, D. M. Bramich, A. Cassan, M. Dominik, K. Horne, S. Mao, A. Saha, J. Wambsganss, Weicheng Zang, Fumio Abe, Richard Barry, Aparna Bhattacharya, Ian A. Bond, Akihiko FukuiHirosane Fujii, Yuki Hirao, Yoshitaka Itow, Rintaro Kirikawa, Iona Kondo, Naoki Koshimoto, Yutaka Matsubara, Sho Matsumoto, Shota Miyazaki, Yasushi Muraki, Greg Olmschenk, Clément Ranc, Arisa Okamura, Nicholas J. Rattenbury, Yuki Satoh, Takahiro Sumi, Daisuke Suzuki, Stela Ishitani Silva, Taiga Toda, Paul . J. Tristram, Aikaterini Vandorou, Hibiki Yama, Michael D. Albrow, Sun-Ju Chung, Cheongho Han, Kyu-Ha Hwang, Youn Kil Jung, Yoon-Hyun Ryu, In-Gu Shin, Yossi Shvartzvald, Jennifer C. Yee, Sang-Mok Cha, Dong-Jin Kim, Seung-Lee Kim, Chung-Uk Lee, Dong-Joo Lee, Yongseok Lee, Byeong-Gon Park, Richard W. Pogge, Andrzej Udalski, Przemek Mróz, Radosław Poleski, Jan Skowron, Michał K. Szymański, Igor Soszyński, Paweł Pietrukowicz, Szymon Kozłowski, Krzysztof Ulaczyk, Krzysztof A. Rybicki, Patryk Iwanek, Marcin Wrona, Mariusz Gromadzki

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report on the observations, analysis and interpretation of the microlensing event MOA-2019-BLG-008. The observed anomaly in the photometric light curve is best described through a binary lens model. In this model, the source did not cross caustics and no finite-source effects were observed. Therefore, the angular Einstein ring radius θE cannot be measured from the light curve alone. However, the large event duration, tE ∼ 80 days, allows a precise measurement of the microlensing parallax πE. In addition to the constraints on the angular radius θ* and the apparent brightness Is of the source, we employ the Besançon and GalMod galactic models to estimate the physical properties of the lens. We find excellent agreement between the predictions of the two galactic models: the companion is likely a resident of the brown dwarf desert with a mass Mp ∼ 30 MJup, and the host is a main-sequence dwarf star. The lens lies along the line of sight to the Galactic bulge, at a distance of ≤4 kpc. We estimate that in about 10 yr the lens and source will be separated by ∼55 mas, and it will be possible to confirm the exact nature of the lensing system by using high-resolution imaging from ground- or space-based observatories.
Original languageEnglish
Article number75
JournalAstronomical Journal
Issue number3
Early online date2 Aug 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2022


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