Militaries

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The military plays a critical role in democratization. Soldiers have refused to fire on protestors or overthrown long-standing dictators, opening a window for political change. Conversely, they have also blocked democratization by annulling elections or seizing the reigns of power for themselves. Militaries also shape the long-term prospects for democratic consolidation through their continued coup threat and by leveraging their power during the transition to ensure immunity deals, entrench their own institutional prerogatives, and maintain authoritarian practices. This chapter overviews the existing literature on the military and democracy in Africa, broken into three temporal phases: the military’s role in launching democratization, the civil-military pathologies inherited by new democratic governments, and the process of reform necessary for democratic consolidation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Democratization in Africa
EditorsGabrielle Lynch, Peter VonDoepp
PublisherRoutledge Taylor & Francis Group
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2019

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