Migration to urban and rural destinations in post-Soviet Estonia: a multilevel event-history analysis

H Kulu*, FC Billari

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    16 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Researchers are divided on the trends and causes of internal migration in postsocialist Central and Eastern Europe. Theories run in opposite directions: some scholars argue that increasing similarities with Western market economies are explaining the migration processes, whereas others claim that specific developments during the postsocialist socioeconomic restructuring are playing a major role. In this paper we contribute to the existing discussion by providing an analysis of personal and contextual determinants of migration to urban and rural destinations in post-Soviet Estonia. We base our study on the data of the Estonian Labour Force Survey from 1995. Our research population consists of 8480 people aged 15 years to 68 years in early 1989. We analyze the intensity of urban-bound and rural-bound migration from January 1989 to December 1994, using the techniques of multilevel event-history analysis. We show that personal characteristics (age, marital status, employment status, education, and ethnicity) and contextual factors (unemployment level and the share of ethnic minorities) are both important in shaping the intensity of migration to urban and rural destinations in post-Soviet Estonia. Although the differences in migration behaviour by demographic characteristics in Estonia are in line with universalistic explanations, the regionally varying effect of socioeconomic status on migration is specific to developments in postsocialist countries, as a result of general economic hardship during the socioeconomic transition.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)749-764
    Number of pages16
    JournalEnvironment and Planning A
    Volume38
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2006

    Keywords

    • INTERNAL MIGRATION
    • ETHNIC-MINORITIES
    • LIFE-COURSE
    • GROWTH
    • DETERMINANTS
    • POPULATION
    • TRANSITION
    • RUSSIA
    • UNION

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Migration to urban and rural destinations in post-Soviet Estonia: a multilevel event-history analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this