Methods for reducing visual discomfort in stereoscopic 3D: a review

Kasim Terzić*, Miles Hansard

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


Visual discomfort is a significant obstacle to the wider use of stereoscopic 3D displays. Many studies have identified the most common causes of discomfort, and a rich body of literature has emerged in recent years with proposed technological and algorithmic solutions. In this paper, we present the first comprehensive review of available image processing methods for reducing discomfort in stereoscopic images and videos. This review covers improved acquisition, disparity re-mapping, adaptive blur, crosstalk cancellation and motion adaptation, as well as improvements in display technology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402-416
Number of pages15
JournalSignal Processing: Image Communication
Early online date6 Aug 2016
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2016


  • Image processing
  • Stereoscopic 3D
  • Visual discomfort


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