Metals in the exosphere of the highly irradiated planet WASP-12b

L. Fossati, C. A. Haswell, C. S. Froning, L. Hebb, S. Holmes, U. Kolb, Ch. Helling, A. Carter, P. Wheatley, A. C. Cameron, B. Loeillet, D. Pollacco, R. Street, H. C. Stempels, E. Simpson, S. Udry, Y. C. Joshi, R. G. West, I. Skillen, D. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

270 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present near-UV transmission spectroscopy of the highly irradiated transiting exoplanet WASP-12b, obtained with the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph on the Hubble Space Telescope. The spectra cover three distinct wavelength ranges: NUVA (2539-2580 angstrom), NUVB (2655-2696 angstrom), and NUVC (2770-2811 angstrom). Three independent methods all reveal enhanced transit depths attributable to absorption by resonance lines of metals in the exosphere of WASP-12b. Light curves of total counts in the NUVA and NUVC wavelength ranges show a detection at a 2.5 sigma level. We detect extra absorption in the Mg II lambda lambda 2800 resonance line cores at the 2.8 sigma level. The NUVA, NUVB, and NUVC light curves imply effective radii of 2.69 +/- 0.24 R-J, 2.18 +/- 0.18 R-J, and 2.66 +/- 0.22 R-J respectively, suggesting the planet is surrounded by an absorbing cloud which overfills the Roche lobe. We detect enhanced transit depths at the wavelengths of resonance lines of neutral sodium, tin, and manganese, and at singly ionized ytterbium, scandium, manganese, aluminum, vanadium, and magnesium. We also find the statistically expected number of anomalous transit depths at wavelengths not associated with any known resonance line. Our data are limited by photon noise, but taken as a whole the results are strong evidence for an extended absorbing exosphere surrounding the planet. The NUVA data exhibit an early ingress, contrary to model expectations; we speculate this could be due to the presence of a disk of previously stripped material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L222-L227
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume714
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2010

Keywords

  • stars: individual (WASP-12)
  • LINE-DATA-BASE
  • RESONANCE-ABSORPTION LINES
  • ENERGETIC NEUTRAL ATOMS
  • EXOPLANET HD-209458B
  • EXTRASOLAR PLANET
  • WAVELENGTHS LONGWARD
  • LYMAN LIMIT
  • HD 209458B
  • ATMOSPHERE
  • EVAPORATION

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