Medium Resolution Spectroscopy of the HR 8799 planets

J. Ruffio, B. Macintosh, Q. Konopacky, T. Barman, R. De Rosa, J. Wang, K. Wilcomb, I. Czekala, C. Marois

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster


High-contrast medium resolution spectroscopy has been used to detect molecules such as water and carbon monoxide in the atmospheres of directly imaged gas giant exoplanets. Improving upon the traditional cross-correlation technique, we develop a new likelihood based on joint forward modelling of the planetary signal and the starlight background (i.e., speckles). We show how it can be used to better characterize the atmosphere of directly imaged exoplanets and measure their radial velocity (RV). After marginalizing over the starlight model, we infer the barycentric RV of HR 8799 b and c in 2010 yielding -9.2 ± 0.5 km/s and -11.6 ± 0.5 km/s respectively. These RV measurements help to constrain the 3D orientation of the orbit of the planet by resolving the degeneracy in the longitude of ascending node. Assuming coplanar orbits for HR 8799 b and c, but not including d and e, we estimate the longitude of ascending node to be 89o (+27,-17) and the inclination to be 20.8o (+4.5, -3.7).
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


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