Maxim Gorky in China: 1920s commentary and Shen Congwen's "Three Men and One Woman"

Keru Cai*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

This essay examines the Chinese reception of Maxim Gorky before he was enshrined as the founding father of socialist realism. During the 1920s, aesthetic and political assessments of his fiction were checkered. These varied assessments gave rise to varied thematic and formal appropriations in Chinese literature, such as in Shen Congwen’s 沈從文 1930 Sange nanren he yige nuren 三個男人和一個女人 (“Three Men and One Woman”), which presents a bleak interpretation of the tension between individual and collective in Gorky’s 1899 “Dvadtsat’ shest’ i odna” (“Twenty-six and one”).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-191
Number of pages17
JournalChinese Literature: Essays, Articles, Reviews (CLEAR)
Volume44
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022

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