Mascali, Mount Etna region Sicily: An example of fascist planning during the 1928 eruption and its continuing legacy

D K Chester, A M Duncan, C Dibben, J E Guest, P H Lister

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    27 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The 1928 eruption of Etna, Sicily, although the largest such event this century, has not been studied in detail. In this paper the nature of the eruption, the destruction it caused - including the complete devastation of the town of Mascali (pre-eruption population similar to 2,000) - and emergency responses of the authorities to it are reviewed in the context of fascist politics and planning priorities. It is contended that, although at one level the response to the 1928 eruption was successful, at another fascism merely continued and enhanced a reactive, propitiatory approach to hazard mitigation. We argue that this legacy was not successfully overcome until the middle of the nineteen eighties. Finally contemporary Italian moves towards a more proactive approach to disaster planning, both generally and in the context of Etna, are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)29-46
    Number of pages18
    JournalNatural Hazards
    Volume19
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1999

    Keywords

    • Italy
    • Sicily
    • Volcano
    • Mount Etna
    • 1928 eruption
    • fascism

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