Marine mammals and ocean noise: future directions and information needs with respect to science, policy and law in Canada

Robert Williams, Erin Ashe, Louise Blight, Michael Jasny, Linda Nowlan

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Marine mammals are ecologically and culturally important species, and various countries have specific legislation to protect the welfare of individual marine mammals and the conservation of their populations. Anthropogenic noise represents a particular challenge for conservation and management. There is a large and growing body of research to support the conclusion that anthropogenic noise can affect marine mammal behavior, energetics, and physiology. The legal, policy, and management issues surrounding marine mammals and noise are similarly complex. Our objective is twofold. First, we discuss how policy and legal frameworks in Canada have some important differences from other jurisdictions covered in previous reviews, and provide a useful general case study. Secondly, we highlight some priority research areas that will improve marine mammal conservation and management. Our examples focus on the research needed to meet stated conservation objectives for marine mammal species in waters under Canadian jurisdiction. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-38
Number of pages10
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume86
Issue number1-2
Early online date30 Jul 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2014

Keywords

  • Canada
  • Management
  • Marine mammal
  • Ocean noise
  • Policy
  • Science
  • Whales orcinus-orca
  • Protected Areas
  • Behavioral-responses
  • Critical habitat
  • Watching boats
  • Beaked-whales
  • Ship noise
  • Conservation
  • Cetaceans

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