Mapping philanthropic foundations’ characteristics: towards an international integrative framework of foundation types

Tobias Jung, Jenny Harrow, Diana Leat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As philanthropic foundations take on increasingly prominent socio-political roles, the need for stronger conceptualizations of foundations as an organizational form is articulated widely across academic, policy and practice contexts. Building on institutional research’s tradition of categorizing, classifying and typologizing organizational forms, our paper critically explores the different ways in which foundations have been cast and differentiated in international academic and practice literatures. Examining and integrating these, we propose an integrative framework of foundation types. Incorporating 13 categories – three contextual, five organizational and five strategic ones – the framework allows for clarifying distinctions and identifying commonalities between different foundation forms, offering a basis for developing more reflective and differentiated research and practice knowledge.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)893-917
JournalNonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly
Volume47
Issue number5
Early online date16 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018

Keywords

  • Foundations
  • Typology
  • Classification
  • Theory of foundation
  • Organizational forms

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