Manipulation of polar order in the “empty” tetragonal tungsten bronzes: Ba4-xSrxDy0.671.33Nb10O30, x = 0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 3

Jonathan Gardner, Finlay D. Morrison

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A series of “empty” tetragonal tungsten bronze (TTB) ferroelectrics, Ba4-xSrxDy0.671.33 Nb 10O30 (x = 0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 3; □ = vacancy), is reported. With increasing x the unit cell contracts in both the ab plane and c-axis; x ≤ 1 compounds are normal ferroelectrics (FE) with decreasing TC as x increases, while x ≥ 2 are relaxor ferroelectrics (RFE) with associated frequency dependent permittivity peaks and with similar Tm and Tf (Vogel-Fulcher freezing temperatures) values. This observation is rationalised by differing cation occupancies: for x ≤ 1, Sr2+ principally occupies the A2-site (co-occupied by Ba2+ with the A1-site occupied by Dy3+ and vacancies); for x ≥ 2 significant Sr A1-site occupation leads to the observed RFE characteristics. This FE to RFE crossover is consistent with a previously proposed TTB crystal chemical framework where both a decrease in average A-site size and concurrent increase in A1-site tolerance factor (tA1) favour destabilization of long range polar order and relaxor behaviour. The effect of increasing tA1 as a result of Sr occupancy at the A1 site is dominant in the compounds reported here.
Original languageEnglish
Article number072901
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume109
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2016

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Manipulation of polar order in the “empty” tetragonal tungsten bronzes: Ba4-xSrxDy0.671.33Nb10O30, x = 0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 3'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this