Magnetohydrodynamics wave propagation in the neighbourhood of two dipoles

JA McLaughlin, Alan William Hood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Context. This paper is the third in a series of investigations by the authors.

Aims. The nature of fast magnetoacoustic and Alfven waves is investigated in a 2D beta = 0 plasma in the neighbourhood of two dipoles.

Methods. We use both numerical simulations (two-step Lax-Wendro. scheme) and analytical techniques (WKB approximation).

Results. It is found that the propagation of the linear fast wave is dictated by the Alfven speed profile and that close to the null, the wave is attracted to the neutral point. However, it is also found that in this magnetic configuration some of the wave can escape the refraction effect; this had not been seen in previous investigations by the authors. The wave split occurs near the regions of very high Alfven speed ( found near the loci of the two dipoles). Also, for the set-up investigated it was found that 40% of the wave energy accumulates at the null. Ohmic dissipation will then extract the wave energy at this point. The Alfven wave behaves in a different manner in that part of the wave accumulates along the separatrices and part escapes. Hence, the current density will accumulate at this part of the topology and this is where wave heating will occur.

Conclusions. The phenomenon of wave accumulation at a specific place is a feature of both wave types, as is the result that a fraction of the wave can now escape the numerical box when propagating in this magnetic configuration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)603-613
Number of pages15
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2006


  • magnetohydrodynamics (MHD)
  • waves
  • Sun : corona
  • Sun : magnetic fields
  • Sun : oscillations


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