Magnetized winds and their influence in the escaping upper atmosphere of HD 209458b

Carolina Villarreal D'Angelo*, Alejandro Esquivel, Matías Schneiter, Mario Agustín Sgró

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lyman a observations during an exoplanet transit have proved to be very useful to study the interaction between the stellar wind and the planetary atmosphere. They have been extensively used to constrain planetary system parameters that are not directly observed, such as the planetary mass-loss rate. In this way, Ly α observations can be a powerful tool to infer the existence of a planetarymagnetic field, since it is expected that the latterwill affect the escaping planetary material. To explore the effect that magnetic fields have on the Ly α absorption of HD 209458b, we run a set of 3D MHD simulations including dipolar magnetic fields for the planet and the star. We assume values for the surface magnetic field at the poles of the planet in the range of [0-5] G, and from 1 to 5 G at the poles of the star. Our models also include collisional and photo-ionization, radiative recombination, and an approximation for the radiation pressure. Our results show that the magnetic field of the planet and the star change the shape of the Ly α absorption profile, since it controls the extent of the planetary magnetosphere and the amount of neutralmaterial inside it. Themodel that best reproduces the absorption observed in HD 209458b (with canonical values for the stellar wind parameters) corresponds to a dipole planetary field of ≲ 1 G at the poles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3115-3125
Number of pages11
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume479
Issue number3
Early online date11 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sept 2018

Keywords

  • MHD-methods: numerical
  • Planet-star interactions
  • Planets and satellites: general
  • Planets and satellites: individual: HD 209458b
  • Stars: winds, outflows

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