Magnetic topologies of two weak-line T Tauri stars TAP 4 and TAP 40

Yue Xiang*, Shenghong Gu, J-F Donati, G A J Hussain, A Collier Cameron, MaTYSSE Collaboration

*Corresponding author for this work

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We present a Zeeman-Doppler imaging study of two weak-line T Tauri stars TAP 4 and TAP 40, based on the high-resolution spectropolarimetric observations with ESPaDOnS at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope in November 2013, in the framework of the MaTYSSE large programme. We apply two Zeeman-Doppler imaging codes to the Stokes I and V profiles to reconstruct their brightness and large-scale magnetic field images. The results given by the two imaging codes are in good agreement with each other. TAP 4 shows a large polar cool spot and several intermediate-latitude warm spots on its surface, whereas TAP 40 exhibits very weak variations in its Stokes I profiles suggesting a mostly unspotted photosphere. We detect Zeeman signatures in the Stokes V profiles of both stars. The reconstructed magnetic maps reveal dominantly toroidal fields, which enclose about 60 per cent of the total magnetic energy for both of TAP 4 and TAP 40. Both stars show prominent circular ring features of the azimuthal magnetic field. We derive a solar-like surface differential rotation on TAP 4 from the tomographic modelling. The brightness image of TAP 4 is used to predict the radial velocity jitters induced by its activity. After filtering out the activity jitter, the RMS of its RVs is reduced from 1.7 km s−1 to 0.2 km s−1, but we do not detect any periodic signals in the filtered RVs of TAP 4, implying that it is unlikely to host a close-in exoplanet more massive than ∼3.5 MJup at 0.1 au.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberstad363
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2 Feb 2023


  • Techniques: polarimetric
  • Stars: imaging
  • Stars: magnetic fields
  • Stars: individual: TAP 4
  • Stars: individual: TAP 40


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