Magnetic field and prominences of the young, solar-like, ultra-rapid rotator V530 Persei

T.-Q. Cang, P. Petit, J.-F. Donati, C.P. Folsom, M. Jardine, C. Villarreal D'Angelo, A.A. Vidotto, S.C. Marsden, F. Gallet, B. Zaire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Context. Young solar analogs reaching the main sequence experience very strong magnetic activity, generating angular momentum losses through wind and mass ejections.
Aims. We investigate signatures of magnetic fields and activity at the surface and in the prominence system of the ultra-rapid rotator V530 Per, a G-type solar-like member of the young open cluster α Persei. This object has a rotation period that is shorter than all stars with available magnetic maps.
Methods. With a time-series of spectropolarimetric observations gathered with ESPaDOnS over two nights on the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope, we reconstructed the surface brightness and large-scale magnetic field of V530 Per using the Zeeman-Doppler imaging method, assuming an oblate stellar surface. We also estimated the short term evolution of the brightness distribution through latitudinal differential rotation. Using the same data set, we finally mapped the spatial distribution of prominences through tomography of the Hα emission. 
Results. The brightness map is dominated by a large, dark spot near the pole, accompanied by a complex distribution of bright and dark features at lower latitudes. Taking the brightness map into account, the magnetic field map is reconstructed as well. Most of the large-scale magnetic field energy is stored in the toroidal field component. The main radial field structure is a positive region of about 500 G, at the location of the dark polar spot. The brightness map of V530 Per is sheared by solar-like differential rotation, with roughly a solar value for the difference in rotation rate between the pole and equator. It is important to note that Hα is observed in emission and it is mostly modulated by the stellar rotation period over one night. The prominence system is organized in a ring at the approximate location of the corotation radius, and displays significant evolution between the two observing nights. 
Conclusions. V530 Per is the first example of a solar-type star to have its surface magnetic field and prominences mapped together, which will bring important observational constraints to better understand the role of slingshot prominences in the angular momentum evolution of the most active stars.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA39
Number of pages16
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume643
Early online date29 Oct 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Stars: individual: V530 Per
  • Stars: magnetic field
  • Stars: solar-type
  • Stars: rotation
  • Starspots

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