Magnetic diffusion and the motion of field lines

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27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diffusion ora magnetic field through a plasma is discussed in one-. two- and three-dimensional configurations. together with the possibility of describing such diffusion in terms of a magnetic flux velocity, which, when it exists, is in general non-unique. Physically useful definitions or such a velocity include doing so in terms of the energy flow or in such a way that it vanishes in a steady state. Straight field lines (or plane flux surfaces) diffuse as if flux is disappearing at a neutral sheet, whereas circular field lines (or cylindrical flux surfaces) do so as if flux is disappearing at all 0-type neutral line. In three dimensions it is not always possible to define a flux velocity, For example when the magnetic flux through a closed field line is changing in time. However. in at least some such cases it is possible to describe the behaviour of the magnetic field in terms or a pair or quasi-flux-velocities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-197
Number of pages21
JournalGeophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics
Volume99
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2005

Keywords

  • magnetohydrodynamics
  • magnetic diffusion
  • plasmas
  • RECONNECTION
  • FLUX

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