Macroporous Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O-2: A high-rate positive electrode for rechargeable lithium batteries

K. M. Shaju, Peter G. Bruce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Macroporous Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O-2 synthesized by a simple non-hydroxide route has been characterize as a high-energy and high-power positive electrode for rechargeable lithium batteries, exhibiting a discharge capacity of 195 mAh g(-1) at 1 C (2244 Wh L-1) and 175 mAh g(-1) at 10 C (2008 Wh L-1) and 99.99% capacity retention. Note the volumetric calculations are based on composite electrodes, not just the volume of the active material. Comparison between macroporous Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O-2 and the material synthesized by the conventional hydroxide method demonstrates that the latter shows a significant increase in polarization upon cycling whereas the former material does not. Cycling at 50 degrees C shows that the macroporous material does exhibit more polarization at elevated temperatures. Macroporous Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O-2 has been tested with a graphite negative electrode in a rocking-chair cell. Cycling was inferior to that with a Li metal negative electrode, but the origin of this may lie with the negative electrode. Powder X-ray diffraction also collected on macroporous Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O-2 after 100 cycles to 4.2 and 4.6 V, shows excellent structural stability, whereas cycling to 4.2 V induces a reduction in the Li/Ni site exchange from 4% to 2%, no significant change occurs for cycling to 4.6 V. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1201-1205
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume174
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Dec 2007

Keywords

  • lithium-ion battery
  • Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O-2
  • macroporous
  • positive electrode material
  • CARBONATE COPRECIPITATION METHOD
  • LI-ION BATTERIES
  • LAYERED LI(NI1/3CO1/3MN1/3)O-2
  • ELECTROCHEMICAL PROPERTIES
  • SECONDARY BATTERY
  • HIGH-POWER
  • CATHODE
  • LICO1/3NI1/3MN1/3O2
  • PERFORMANCE

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Macroporous Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O-2: A high-rate positive electrode for rechargeable lithium batteries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this