Low-δ18O rhyolites from the Malani Igneous Suite: a positive test for South China and NW India linkage in Rodinia

Wei Wang, Peter A. Cawood, Mei-Fu Zhou, Manoj K. Pandit, Xiao-Ping Xia, Jun-Hong Zhao

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Abstract

The Malani Igneous Suite (MIS) in NW India represents one of the best preserved silicic large igneous provinces. Voluminous silicic lavas of the MIS erupted between ca. 780-750 Ma. Zircon grains from rhyolite and dacite lavas have oxygen isotopic compositions that include depleted (δ18O = 4.12 to -1.11‰) and enriched (δ18O = 8.23-5.12‰) signatures. The low-δ18O zircon grains have highly radiogenic Hf isotopic compositions (ƐHf(t)= +13.0 to +3.6), suggesting high temperature bulk cannibalization of upper level juvenile mafic crust as an essential mechanism to produce the low-δ18O felsic magma. Xenocrystic zircon grains in dacites have high δ18O and low ƐHf(t) values for magmas older than 800 Ma, reflecting a dramatic transition in tectono-thermal regime in NW India during 800-780 Ma. A synchronous transition also occurred in South China and Madagascar, suggesting a spatially linked geodynamic system. NW India and South China together with Madagascar and the Seychelles lay either along the periphery of Rodinia or outboards of the supercontinent with the age of convergent plate margin magmatism coinciding with breakup of the supercontinent.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10298-10305
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume44
Issue number20
Early online date30 Oct 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Low δ18O magma
  • Malani Igneous Suite
  • Localized lithospheric extension
  • NW India
  • South China
  • Rodinia

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