Local Structure and Bonding of Transition Metal Dopants in Bi2Se3 Topological Insulator Thin Films

AI Figueroa, G Van Der Laan, LJ Collins-McIntyre, G Cibin, AJ Dent, T Hesjedal, T Hesjedal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transition metal (TM) doped topological insulators have been the focus of many recent studies since they exhibit exotic quantum and magneto-electric effects, and offer the prospect of potential applications in spintronic devices. Here we report a systematic study of the local electronic and structural environment using X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) in TM (=Cr, Mn, and Fe) doped Bi2Se3 thin films grown by molecular beam epitaxy. Analysis of the TM K-edge XAFS reveals a divalent character for Cr, Mn, and Fe when substituting Bi in the films, despite the trivalent character of the Bi. All dopants occupy octahedral sites in the Bi2Se3 lattice, which agrees with substitutional incorporation onto the Bi sites. With the incorporation of TM dopants a local structural relaxation of the Bi2Se3 lattice is observed, which strengthens the covalent character of the TM-Se bond. The presence of additional phases and interstitial incorporation for the Mn and Fe dopants is also observed, even at low concentrations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17344-17351
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume119
Issue number30
Early online date6 Jul 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2015

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