Liquid phase behavior of ionic liquids of different cation types with alcohols:  experimental studies and modelling

J M Crosthwaite, Mark James Muldoon, S N V K Aki, E J Maginn, J F Brennecke

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Ionic liquids (ILs) have been suggested as potential "green" solvents to replace volatile organic solvents in reaction and separation processes due to their negligible vapor pressure. To develop ILs for these applications, it is important to gain a fundamental understanding of the factors that control the phase behavior of ionic liquids with other liquids. In this work, we continue our study of the effect of chemical and structural factors on the phase behavior of ionic liquids with alcohols, focusing on pyridinium ILs for comparison to imidazolium ILs from our previous studies. The impact of different alcohol and IL characteristics, including alcohol chain length, cation alkyl chain length, anion, different substituent groups on the pyridinium cation, and type of cation ( pyridinium vs imidazolium) will be discussed. In general, the same type of behavior is observed for pyridinium and imidazolium ILs, with all systems studied exhibiting upper critical solution temperature behavior. The impacts of alcohol chain length, cation chain length, and anion, are the same for pyridinium ILs as those observed previously for imidazolium ILs. However, the effect of cation type on the phase behavior is dependent on the strength of the cation-anion interaction. Additionally, all systems from this study and our previous work for imidazolium ILs were modeled using the nonrandom two-liquid (NRTL) equation using two different approaches for determining the adjustable parameters. For all systems, the NRTL equation with binary interaction parameters with a linear temperature dependence provided a good fit of the experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9354-9361
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 11 May 2006


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