Light-curve analysis and eclipse mapping of the contact binaries KQ GEM and V412 HER

Ronald William Hilditch, SA Bell, G Hill, TJ Harries

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9 Citations (Scopus)


CCD photometry of the short-period binary stars KQ Gem and V412 Her is presented, together with some spectroscopic observations of KQ Gem. Although both systems are classified in the General Catalogue of Variable Stars as having light curves of EB/KW type, our data and analyses, involving light-curve synthesis and stellar surface imaging, show that KQ Gem is an EB system that is in marginal contact and has an enhanced bright region around the substellar point on the secondary component, whilst V412 Her is an EW system, a true contact binary with a mass ratio of 0.46 and both stars having the same surface brightness. The properties of the components of the two systems are compared with other marginal-contact and contact binaries, and a plea is repeated for more theoretical work on the mass/energy interchanges in contact binaries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)pp.100-108.
Number of pages9
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 1998


  • binaries, close
  • stars, fundamental parameters
  • stars, individual, KQ Gem
  • stars, individual, V412 Her


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