Lifting the hood of supply and demand for trademarks of start‐ups: partial observability estimates

Bernadette Power*, Gavin C. Reid

*Corresponding author for this work

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    Abstract

    This paper estimates simultaneously the supply and the demand determinants of the trademark adoption decision made by start‐ups. We use a partial observability econometric model, as non‐adoption is unobserved. Estimation is by maximum likelihood using the partial observability bivariate probit (POBP) model for an unbalanced longitudinal panel of surviving US start‐ups (2004–2011). Our model is shown to provide a good explanation of supply and demand determinants of trademark adoption. For example, size, incorporation and expenditure on R&D are important on the supply side; and copyrights, licensing out and being in a high knowledge information sector are important on the demand side.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number11
    JournalManagerial and Decision Economics
    VolumeEarly View
    Early online date3 Aug 2022
    DOIs
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3 Aug 2022

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