Lead palladium titanate: a room-temperature multiferroic

Elzbieta Gradauskaite, Jonathan Gardner, Rebecca M. Smith, Finlay D. Morrison, Stephen L. Lee, Ram S. Katiyar, James F. Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There have been a large number of papers on bismuth ferrite (BiFeO3) over the past few years, trying to exploit its room-temperature magnetoelectric multiferroic properties. Although these are attractive, BiFeO3 is not the ideal multiferroic due to weak magnetization and the difficulty in limiting leakage currents. Thus there is an ongoing search for alternatives, including such materials as gallium ferrite (GaFeO3). In the present work we report a comprehensive study of the perovskite PbTi1−xPdxO3 with 0<x<0.3. Our study includes dielectric, impedance, and magnetization measurements, conductivity analysis, and study of crystallographic phases present in the samples, with special attention paid to minor phases identified as PdO, PbPdO2, and Pd3Pb. The work is remarkable in two ways: Pd is difficult to substitute into ABO3 perovskite oxides (where it might be useful for catalysis), and Pd is magnetic under only unusual conditions (under strain or internal electric fields).
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review. B, Condensed matter and materials physics
Volume96
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Sept 2017

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