Large conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels sense acute changes in oxygen tension in alveolar epithelial cells

S Jovanovic, Russell Mckenzie Crawford, HJ Ranki, A Jovanovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The rise in alveolar oxygen tension (PO2) that occurs as the newborn infant takes its first breaths induces removal of liquid from the lung lumen due to ion transport across the alveolar epithelium and the activity of alveolar Na+ channel (ENaC). In the present study, we have aimed to identify an ion conductance in alveolar epithelial A549 cells that responds to acute changes in PO2. Variation in PO2 did not affect single-channel ENaC activity. However, in these cells we have detected single-channel conductance having properties similar to those of large conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (BKCa) channels. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting demonstrated presence of alpha-BKCa channel subunit and iberiotoxin, a blocker of Bk-Ca channels, inhibited whole cell K+ current. Chronic changes in PO2 did not affect expression, recruitment, or function of BKCa channels in A549 cells. In contrast, acute changes of PO2 regulated the BKCa channel activity by controlling the channel mean open time. This effect of PO2 was insensitive to inhibitor of flavoproteins, diphenylene iodinium. In addition, decrease in PO2 and iberiotoxin induced membrane depolarization and Ca2+ oscillations in A549 cells. We conclude that BKCa channels serve as oxygen sensors in human alveolar A549 epithelial cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363 -372
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2003

Keywords

  • PREVENTS MEMBRANE DEPOLARIZATION
  • ACTIVATED POTASSIUM CHANNELS
  • FLUID TRANSPORT
  • SMOOTH-MUSCLE
  • ION-TRANSPORT
  • ATP CHANNELS
  • HUMAN LUNG
  • EXPRESSION
  • SINGLE
  • CARDIOMYOCYTES

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Large conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels sense acute changes in oxygen tension in alveolar epithelial cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this