Kondo state of Co impurities at noble metal surfaces

MA Schneider*, L Vitali, P Wahl, N Knorr, L Diekhoner, G Wittich, M Vogelgesang, K Kern

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


We use scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy to study the properties of magnetic Co adatoms on noble metal surfaces at 6 K. Due to spin-flip scattering of the substrate electrons at the impurity the many-body Kondo state forms. This state is characterized by an energy, the Kondo temperature T-K. We measure T-K of adatom systems and a resonant scattering phase shift locally and are thus able to discuss the coupling of the Co adatom to the metal electronic system. From the resonant scattering phase shift of the surface-state electrons scattering off a Co adatom on Ag(111), we find that the coupling to the surface state is rather weak. On the other hand, increasing the number of nearest neighbor substrate atoms increases the coupling of a Co adatom to the host metal and increases TK. This shows the dominant character of the coupling of the Co atom to the bulk states of the substrate crystal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)937-941
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Physics A
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2005


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