Knowledge of oral cancer, distress and screening intentions: longer term effects of a patient information leaflet

George Boundouki, Gerald Michael Humphris, AE Field

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study aim was to determine the influence of a patient information leaflet (PIL) on mouth cancer to improve knowledge, reduce distress and increase intention to accept a mouth screen over a 2-month period. The design was a randomised controlled trial. Two dental practices in the northwest of England participated. Standardised multi-item scales of the three outcome measures were employed. The PIL was given to a randomised intervention group of patients in waiting room. Single sheet questionnaire was completed by both groups of patients at baseline in waiting room (immediately following leaflet administration in intervention arm of study). Repeat questionnaire completion at 8 weeks by all patients through postal system. Mann-Whitney U-tests comparing outcome variables between patients with and without access to the leaflet at baseline and 8 weeks were performed. Multiple logistic regression was used to predict re-reading of the leaflet at home. Useable replies were received from 317 patients (60% response rate). All measures showed some benefit of immediate exposure to the leaflet at follow up. Older patients, less initial knowledge, and self-reported smoking positively predicted the re-reading of the leaflet. The introduction of a mouth cancer PIL into dental practice may help to inform patients about oral cancer, moderate distress and encourage acceptance of an oral health screen. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-77
Number of pages7
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2004

Keywords

  • patient information leaflets
  • oral cancer
  • randomised control trial
  • knowledge
  • psychological distress
  • screening
  • RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL
  • WISDOM TOOTH REMOVAL
  • HEALTH-EDUCATION
  • GENERAL-PRACTICE
  • WOMEN
  • ATTITUDES
  • PROMOTION
  • SERVICES

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