J Comp Neurol

B Leitch, S Judge, Robert Maurice Pitman

Research output: Other contribution

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of the biogenic amine octopamine in modulating cholinergic synaptic transmission between the locust forewing stretch receptor neuron (fSR) and the first basalar motoneuron (BA1) was investigated. The amines 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin) and dopamine were also studied. Bath application of octopamine, 5-HT, and dopamine at concentrations of 10(-4) M reversibly decreased the amplitude of monosynaptic excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) evoked in BA1 by electrically stimulating the fSR axon. These effects occurred without any detectable change in either input resistance or membrane potential of BA1. The amines also reversibly decreased the amplitude of responses to acetylcholine (ACh) pressure-applied to the soma of BA1. The muscarinic antagonist scopolamine (10(-6) M) had no significant effect on the octopamine-induced decrease in ACh responses. These observations suggest that these amines potentially could physiologically depress cholinergic transmission between fSR and BA1, at least in part, by altering nicotinic rather than muscarinic cholinergic receptor function. Although the octopaminergic agonists naphazoline and tolazoline both mimicked the actions of octopamine, the receptor responsible for octopamine-mediated modulation could not be characterized since amine receptor antagonists tested on the preparation had complex actions. Confocal immunocytochemistry revealed intense octopamine immunoreactivity in the anterior lateral association center, thus confirming the presence of octopamine in neuropil regions containing fSR/BA1 synapses and therefore supporting a role for this amine in the modulation of synaptic transmission between the fSR and BA1. 5-HT-immunoreactivity, conversely, was concentrated within the ventral association centers; very little staining was observed in the dorsal neuropil regions in which fSR/BA1 synapses are located. (C) 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Volume462
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jul 2003

Keywords

  • neuromodulation
  • biogenic amines
  • acetylcholine
  • insect
  • forewing stretch receptor
  • NICOTINIC ACETYLCHOLINE-RECEPTORS
  • WING STRETCH RECEPTORS
  • SENSITIVE ADENYLATE-CYCLASE
  • DEPENDENT PROTEIN-KINASE
  • MEDIAN DUM NEURONS
  • THORACIC GANGLIA
  • NERVOUS-SYSTEM
  • BIOGENIC-AMINES
  • GIANT INTERNEURONS
  • NEUROMODULATOR OCTOPAMINE

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