[Ir(PCy3)(2)(H)(2)(H2B-NMe2)](+) as a Latent Source of Aminoborane: Probing the Role of Metal in the Dehydrocoupling of H3B center dot NMe2H and Retrodimerisation of [H2BNMe2](2)

Charlotte J. Stevens, Romaeo Dallanegra, Adrian B. Chaplin, Andrew S. Weller*, Stuart A. Macgregor, Bryan Ward, David McKay, Gilles Alcaraz, Sylviane Sabo-Etienne

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

108 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Ir-III fragment {Ir(PCy3)(2)(H)(2)}(+) has been used to probe the role of the metal centre in the catalytic dehydrocoupling of H3B center dot NMe2H (A) to ultimately give dimeric aminoborane [H2BNMe2](2) (D). Addition of A to [Ir(PCy3)(2)(H)(2)(H-2)(2)][BAr4F] (1; Ar-F =(C6H3(CF3)(2)), gives the amineborane complex [Ir(PCy3)(2)(H)(2)(H3B center dot NMe2H)][BAr4F] (2a), which slowly dehydrogenates to afford the aminoborane complex [Ir(PCy3)(2)(H)(2)(H2B-NMe2)][BAr4F] (3). DFT calculations have been used to probe the mechanism of dehydrogenation and show a pathway featuring sequential BH activation/H-2 loss/NH activation. Addition of D to 1 results in retrodimerisation of D to afford 3. DFT calculations indicate that this involves metal trapping of the monomer-dimer equilibrium, 2H(2)BNMe(2) reversible arrow [H2BNMe2](2). Ruthenium and rhodium analogues also promote this reaction. Addition of MeCN to 3 affords [Ir(PCy3)(2)(H)(2)(NCMe)(2)][BAr4F] (6) liberating H2B-NMe2 (B), which then dimerises to give D. This is shown to be a second-order process. It also allows on-and off-metal coupling processes to be probed. Addition of MeCN to 3 followed by A gives D with no amine-borane intermediates observed. Addition of A to 3 results in the formation of significant amounts of oligomeric H3B center dot NMe2BH2 center dot NMe2H (C), which ultimately was converted to D. These results indicate that the metal is involved in both the dehydrogenation of A, to give B, and the oligomerisation reaction to afford C. A mechanism is suggested for this latter process. The reactivity of oligomer C with the Ir complexes is also reported. Addition of excess C to 1 promotes its transformation into D, with 3 observed as the final organometallic product, suggesting a B-N bond cleavage mechanism. Complex 6 does not react with C, but in combination with B oligomer C is consumed to eventually give D, suggesting an additional role for free aminoborane in the formation of D from C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3011-3020
Number of pages10
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume17
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011

Keywords

  • aminoboranes
  • catalysis
  • dehydrocoupling
  • density functional calculations
  • iridium
  • reaction mechanisms
  • AMINE-BORANE ADDUCTS
  • MOLECULAR-WEIGHT POLYAMINOBORANES
  • CHEMICAL HYDROGEN STORAGE
  • MAIN-GROUP ELEMENTS
  • AMMONIA-BORANE
  • TRANSITION-METAL
  • CATALYZED DEHYDROGENATION
  • POLARIZATION FUNCTIONS
  • RUTHENIUM COMPLEXES
  • BASIS-SETS

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