IRAS 04325+2402C: A very low mass object with an edge-on disk

Alexander Scholz, Ray Jayawardhana, Kenneth Wood, David Lafreniere, Katharina Schreyer, Rene Doyon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

IRAS 04325+2402C is a low-luminosity object located near a protostar in Taurus. We present new spatially resolved millimeter observations, near-infrared spectroscopy, and Spitzer photometry that improve the constraints on the nature of this source. The object is clearly detected in our 1.3 mm interferometry map, allowing us to estimate the mass in a localized disk+envelope around it to be in the range of 0.001-0.01 M-circle dot. Thus IRAS 04325C is unlikely to accrete significantly more mass. The near-infrared spectrum cannot be explained with an extincted photosphere alone, but is consistent with a 0.03-0.1 M-circle dot central source plus moderate veiling, seen in scattered light, confirming the edge-on nature of the disk. Based on K-band flux and spectral slope we conclude that a central object mass greater than or similar to 0.1 M-circle dot is unlikely. Our comparison of the full spectral energy distribution, including new Spitzer photometry, with radiative transfer models confirms the high inclination of the disk (greater than or similar to 80 degrees), the very low mass of the central source, and the small amount of circumstellar material. IRAS 04325C is one of the lowest mass objects with a resolved edge-on disk known to date, possibly a young brown dwarf, and a likely wide companion to a more massive star. With these combined properties, it represents a unique case to study the formation and early evolution of very low mass objects.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages4
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume681
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2008

Keywords

  • circumstellar matter
  • planetary systems
  • stars : formation
  • stars : low-mass, brown dwarfs
  • YOUNG STELLAR OBJECTS
  • AURIGA MOLECULAR CLOUD
  • BROWN DWARF DISKS
  • TAURUS-AURIGA
  • T-TAURI
  • DUST
  • MODELS
  • STARS
  • SPECTROGRAPH
  • PROTOSTARS

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