Investigating the onset of the strong coupling regime by fine-tuning the Rabi splitting in multilayer organic microcavities

Laura Tropf, Malte C. Gather

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13 Citations (Scopus)
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Given the prevalence of disorder in many organic semiconductors, the applicability of simple models to describe their behavior in the strong coupling regime, like the two-level coupled oscillator, is not evident. Here, the validity of the two-level coupled oscillator model and the simple dependence of the coupling strength on the number of absorbers and the electric field is tested experimentally in metal-clad microcavities containing a disordered film of small molecules. Multi-layer microcavities are produced by combining different thin film deposition techniques. These allow for isolating the relevant parameters and thus to confirm the coupling strength is proportional to (1) the square root of the number of absorbers and (2) the amplitude of the electric field. By changing either of these two parameters, the microcavities are shifted from the weak to the strong coupling regime. Moreover, careful analysis reveals that there is a threshold coupling strength for the onset of the Rabi splitting. Two independent investigations show that this threshold is comparable to the losses in the cavities. These results validate the coupled two-level Hamiltonian for microcavities containing disordered organic semiconductors, even though the assumption of a single exciton level represents a strong simplification for these systems.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1800203
Number of pages7
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
VolumeEarly View
Early online date27 Jun 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Jun 2018


  • Disorder
  • Excitons
  • Light-matter coupling
  • Polaritons
  • Small molecules


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