Investigating FAM-N pulses for signal enhancement in MQMAS NMR of quadrupolar nuclei

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Although a popular choice for obtaining high-resolution solid-state NMR spectra of quadrupolar nuclei, the inherently low sensitivity of the multiple-quantum magic-angle spinning (MQMAS) experiment has limited its application for nuclei with low receptivity or when the available sample volume is limited. A number of methods have been introduced in the literature to attempt to address this problem. Recently, we have introduced an alternative, automated approach, based on numerical simulations, for generating amplitude-modulated pulses (termed FAM-N pulses) to enhance the efficiency of the triple- to single-quantum conversion step within MQMAS. This results in efficient pulses that can be used without experimental reoptimisation, ensuring that this method is particularly suitable for challenging nuclei and systems. In this work, we investigate the applicability of FAM-N pulses to a wider variety of systems, and their robustness under more challenging experimental conditions. These include experiments performed under fast MAS, nuclei with higher spin quantum numbers, samples with multiple distinct sites, low-γ nuclei and nuclei subject to large quadrupolar interactions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-102
JournalSolid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Early online date18 Jan 2017
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017


  • Solid-state MAS NMR spectroscopy
  • Quadrupolar nuclei
  • Fast-amplitude modulation
  • FAM-N pulses
  • Challenging systems


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