Introduction: understanding the consequences of the Arab uprisings – starting points and divergent trajectories

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This introduction sets the context for the following articles by first conceptualizing the divergent post-uprising trajectories taken by varying states: these are distinguished first by whether state capacity collapses or persists, and if it persists, whether the outcome is a hybrid regime or polyarchy. It then assesses how far starting points – the features of the regime and of the uprising – explain these pathways. Specifically, the varying levels of anti-regime mobilization, explained by factors such as levels of grievances, patterns of cleavages, and opportunity structure, determine whether rulers are quickly removed or stalemate sets in. Additionally, the ability of regime and opposition softliners to reach a transition pact greatly shapes democratic prospects. But, also important is the capacity – coercive and co-optative – of the authoritarian rulers to resist, itself a function of factors such as the balance between the patrimonial and bureaucratic features of neo-patrimonial regimes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalDemocratization
Volume22
Issue number1
Early online date24 Mar 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015

Keywords

  • Arab Uprising
  • Mobilization
  • Democratization
  • Neo-patrimonialism
  • State capacity
  • Transition pact

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