Clifford Ando, Myles Patrick Lavan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


This chapter offers a synoptic perspective on the significance of Roman citizenship in the long century between the Flavians and the Constitutio Antoniniana. It opens with a discussion of personal and collective statuses in Roman public law and the question of the number and distribution of Romans. It proceeds to survey the different ways in which Roman citizenship was experienced in the second century: the juridical and fiscal effects of legal difference; the effects of Roman law on the behavior of Romans in the family sphere; the links between citizenship and cult; a variety of other practices often entailed by possession of Roman citizenship, including distinctive civic rituals and the use of a distinctive onomastic form; and the complex relationship between citizenship and belonging.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoman and local citizenship in the long second century CE
EditorsMyles Lavan, Clifford Ando
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages38
ISBN (Electronic)9780197573914
ISBN (Print)9780197573884
Publication statusPublished - 24 Mar 2022

Publication series

NameOxford studies in early empires


  • Roman Empire
  • Roman citizenship
  • Roman law
  • Local citizenship
  • Citizenship


Dive into the research topics of 'Introduction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this