International trends in adolescent screen-time behaviors from 2002 to 2010

Jens Bucksch, Dagmar Sigmundova, Zdenek Hamrik, Philip Troped, Ole Melkevik, Naman Ahluwalia, Alberto Borraccino, Jorma Tynjala, Michal Kalman, Joanna Catherine Inchley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

130 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Engaging in prolonged screen-time behaviors (STBs) is detrimental for health. The objective of the present analyses was to examine temporal trends in TV viewing and computer use among adolescents across 30 countries.
Methods: Data were derived from the cross-national Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. Data on TV viewing and computer use for gaming and nongaming purposes were collected in 2002 (n ¼ 139,725 [51.4% girls]), 2006 (n ¼ 149,251 [51.3% girls]), and 2010 (n ¼ 154,845 [51.2% girls]). The temporal trends in TV viewing and computer use were each tested for all countries
combined and for each individual country by sex-specific univariate analysis of variance.
Results: Between 2002 and 2010, TV viewing decreased slightly in most of the 30 countries among both boys and girls. This decrease was more than offset by a sharp increase in computer use, which was consistent across all countries. Overall, boys reported more hours of STBs. They also reported a slightly larger decrease in TV viewing and slightly larger increase in computer use. STBs were
generally more frequent on weekend days.
Conclusions: The overall cross-national increases in STBs should be a call to action for public health practitioners, policy-makers, and researchers that interventions specifically focused on reducing STBs in youth are sorely needed. Because all countries experienced a trend in the same direction, it might be fruitful to learn more about the determinants of STBs among those countries
in which hours of STBs are generally low as compared with other countries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417–425
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume58
Issue number4
Early online date27 Jan 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016

Keywords

  • Youth
  • Screen time
  • Sedentary behavior
  • Secular trends
  • Cross-country comparison

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