Interferon induced alterations in the pattern of Parainfluenza Virus 5 (SV5) transcription and protein synthesis, and the induction of virus inclusion bodies

TS Carlos, R Fearns, Richard Edward Randall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although parainfluenza virus 5 (simian virus 5 [SV5]) circumvents the interferon (IFN) response by blocking IFN signaling and by reducing the amount of IFN released by infected cells, its ability to circumvent the IFN response is not absolute. The effects of IFN on SV5 infection were examined in Vero cells, which do not produce but can respond to IFN, using a strain of SV5 (CPI-) which does not block IFN signaling. Thus, by infecting Vero cells with CPI- and subsequently treating the cells with exogenous IFN, it was possible to observe the effects that IFN had on SV5 infection in the absence of virus countermeasures. IFN rapidly (within 6 h) induced alterations in the relative levels of virus mRNA and protein synthesis and caused a redistribution of virus proteins within infected cells that led to the enhanced formation of virus cytoplasmic inclusion bodies. IFN induced a steeper gradient of mRNA transcription from the 3' to the 5' end of the genome and the production of virus mRNAs with longer poly(A) tails, suggesting that the processivity of the virus polymerase was altered in cells in an IFN-induced antiviral state. Additional evidence is presented which suggests that these findings also apply to the replication of strains of SV5, parainfluenza virus type 2, and mumps virus that block IFN signaling when they infect cells that are already in an IFN-induced antiviral state.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14112-14121
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume79
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2005

Keywords

  • VESICULAR STOMATITIS-VIRUS
  • STRAND RNA VIRUSES
  • PARA-INFLUENZA VIRUS
  • END U TRACT
  • ALPHA/BETA-INTERFERON
  • MESSENGER-RNA
  • V-PROTEINS
  • PARAMYXOVIRUS SIMIAN-VIRUS-5
  • MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODIES
  • ANTIGENIC DIFFERENCES

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